CONTRIBUŢII LA STUDIUL CONCEPŢIEI ETNICE ÎN LUCRĂRILE SOCIOLOGULUI PETRE V. ŞTEFĂNUCĂ
extras din (coord.) Andrei EŞANU, Constantin IORDAN, Cultură şi politică în Sud-Estul Europei (sec. XV-XX), Chisinau, 2011
Contributions to the study of Petre V. Ştefanuca ethnicity perspective
Petre V. Ştefănucă was the scientific director of the Romanian Social Institute from Bessarabia still from the setting of this institute in November 1934. Little time before Soviet Union has annexed Bessarabia Ştefănucă became the president of the institute. In the autumn of 1940 he is arrested by the Soviet commissars and dies two years later being imprisoned in one work camp. Ştefănucă has been taken part to the monographic researches the Bucharest School of Sociology undertook in Bessarabian villages. To the most known monographic campaign in Cornova in 1931, it has been followed the researches in the villages Iurceni, Nişcani, Copanca, Popeştii de Sus. Dimitrie Gusti, who was the head and the mastermind of the Bucharest School of Sociology, decided upon the way to researching Bessarabian villages. Thus, as Gusti ‘s theoretical outlook has modeled almost all the field researchers of the Bucharest Sociological School, someone could expect that Ştefănucă to follow the Gusti’s theory. The reading of the Ştefănucă’s works cheats this expectation.
Ştefănucă revolves instead around Bessarabia’s critical issues of that time. The questions like folk culture, ethnicity, poverty, and popular religion are brought into attention and scrutinized. The weight point of my article consists in outlining this shift in the research perspective of Petre Ştefănucă with one special emphasis on ethnicity matter.